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Niel Gross Stream Craft Starter Pack Flies Recomended in this months Fishing Monthly


Product Information

The Stream Craft Pack of Flies Recomended by Niel Gross in this months Fishing Monthly as a special offer from

Welcome to the first in our
regular series on flyfishing
basics. In this regular
column we will explore the
various basic techniques to
Stream Craft
The key skill in stream
craft is where to fish your
flies. In small creeks it isn’t
so critical, but in larger waters
with different structural
features it can be the difference
between catching fish or not.
The fundamental element
to remember is that trout are
driven by two things- food
and shelter. If you can find
those things close together
then you should also find
the fish.
In running water the
food is carried by the current.
Whether it has fallen on the
surface, or it actually lives in
the water, it will be carried
by the moving water. The
current quite often changes
Stream Craft title extension
in direction, or speed. Where
these changes take place food
will either accumulate or be
spread out.
The best places are where
fast moving water is slowed
down. This allows the food to
sink in one predictable spot.
This is usually accompanied
by a deepening of the water.
Good trout will often hold
on the bottom of such areas,
seeking out the food that is
carried on the stream. One of
the best spots is at the tail of
a rapid, where as explained
above the fast broken water
slows down, allowing the
food to drop to the bottom.
These waters often have
lines of bubbles marking
where the edge of the current
is. This is also the spot where
food accumulates, and so is a
good spot to cast your fly.
The edges of a river or
stream are also great places for
trout. There are often undercut
banks, and it is here where
trout can find shelter, and food
can accumulate. Some of the
biggest trout will hide under
these areas.
Dry Flies
Dry fly fishing on streams
(and on lakes for that matter)
is one of the most enjoyable
methods of flyfishing. It is
a very visual way to fish as
the trout take the fly right off
the surface. Dry fly fishing
imitates insects that float on
the surface. A basic list of dry
flies would include the Royal
Wulff, Elk Hair Caddis, Red
Tag, Royal Coachman, various
mayfly emerger patterns and
the trusty black spinner.
These patterns imitate
insects that have either hatched
from aquatic nymphs, or fallen
onto the surface from the
surrounding environment.
When the insects are on
the surface, the current will
carry them downstream at the
same pace as the current. On
rare occasions these insects
will flutter and kick across the
flow, but in general they will
be carried down without any
side ways or across stream
movement. These insects
will therefore always float
Dry flies are presented
upstream, and allowed to drift
back downstream naturally,
the same as the real insects do.
Dry flies that move or skitter
across the current are termed
as dragging. Drag is when
the dry fly moves unnaturally
across the surface of the
river. It is a very hard thing
to consistently avoid, however
a technique called ‘mending’
is designed to help overcome
this to some extent. Mending
is when the angler flips loose
coils of line on the water. The
current pulls on these coils of
line without upsetting the drift
of the dry fly.
Wet Flies
Sometimes it is useful to
fish a wet fly, especially on
days when little surface action
is to be had. There are two
types of wet flies; flies that
imitate a drowned insect or
aquatic insect, and flies that are
designed to provoke a strike
from a trout out of aggression
or curiosity. These are either
called imitative wet flies, or
exciter wet flies. A basic list
of wet flies could include the
bead Head Nymph, Wet Black
Beetle, Stick Caddis, Copper
John, Alexandra and various
Woolly Bugger imitations.
The imitative wet fly is
fished a lot like a dry fly;
generally upstream and
without drag. The difficulty
with a drifting wet fly is
knowing when the trout has
taken the fly. The easiest
way to tell is to use a strike
indicator, which in its simplest
form is a purpose built small
piece of bright coloured foam
that has adhesive on one side.
This is pinched onto the leader
about the same distance from
the fly as the water is deep.
The wet fly is fished by
casting across and slightly
downstream and letting it
swing down with the current.
As it reaches the end of the
swing the current will speed
up the fly, making it quite
attractive to aggressive trout.
Often very large fish are taken
this way.
The more you can cast
upstream, the deeper the
wet fly will sink- this is a
very deadly technique! The
drawing below shows the
basic technique.

• Royal Wulff • Elk Hair Caddis
• Royal Coachman • Alexandra
• Bead Head Brown Nymph • Wet Black Beetle
• Stick Caddis • Red Tag • Mayfly Emerger
• Black Spinner • Copper John
• Small Black Wooly Worm
Sizes #12 & #14


Product Code: NIWLG3T2

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